World market revenues by format: 2012 & 2013 (US$ millions)
% value change
As for piracy - well, the IFPI had this to say
"IFPI estimates, based on comScore/Nielsen data, that 26 per cent of internet users worldwide regularly access unlicensed services. This estimate applies only to desktop-based devices: it does not include the emerging and as yet unquantified threat of smartphone and tablet-based mobile piracy as consumers migrate to those devices.
Digital piracy is the biggest single threat to the development of the licensed music sector and to investment in artists. It undermines the licensed music business across many forms and channels – unlicensed streaming websites, peer-to-peer (P2P) file-sharing networks, cyberlockers and aggregators, unlicensed streaming and stream ripping and mobile applications.
IFPI’s report highlights five key areas where the recording industry is focusing its fight against piracy:
- Internet service providers (ISPs) have a demonstrable effect on reducing copyright infringement, when required to act. European countries where ISPs are required by courts to block access to infringing sites saw Bit Torrent usage fall by 11 per cent during 2013 (comScore/Nielsen). Countries without the block saw Torrent usage rise by 15 per cent over the same period.
- Search engines remain the largest referrer of traffic to unlicensed services and a recent study by MillwardBrown for MPAA showed that 74 per cent of people using unlicensed services for the first time found them through search engines. Google’s policy to demote results from unlicensed services in results has not been effective. IFPI is pressing the case that search engines have both the technical expertise and a social responsibility to help tackle the problem.
- Litigation has played a key role when required. Recent litigation against isoHunt, Megaupload, Rapidshare and Hotfile has seen those companies either close or put in place measures to reduce the illegal use of their services.
- Legislation is the foundation of the industry’s operating environment. Priorities highlighted include proposed laws to introduce performance rights in markets such as China and Singapore; and the industry’s campaign on copyright reform initiatives in Europe and Australia in order improve online copyright enforcement.
- Advertising is a major source of funding for unlicensed music services worldwide: a recent study by the Digital Citizens Alliance suggested that unlicensed services earned US$227 million in 2013 from piracy. A successful project in the UK to tackle the problem led to the City of London Police launching a permanent programme to curb advertising on pirate sites. Voluntary discussions based around codes of conduct are taking place in several other markets. "