Thursday 17 May 2012

Dramatico: a belated note on the sequel

In February we posted a note, "Pirate Bay "a stronger case" of infringement than Newzbin", here, on the decision of Mr Justice Arnold in Dramatico Entertainment Ltd & others v British Sky Broadcasting Ltd & others [2012] EWHC 268 (Ch) to the effect that British ISPs could be ordered to block access to The Pirate Bay. In a further development earlier this month, in Dramatico Entertainment Ltd & others v British Sky Broadcasting Ltd & others [2012] EWHC 1152 (Ch), the same judge gave further consideration to the making of the orders in question.

To recap, the claimants were record companies which sought orders blocking access to the file-sharing facilitator The Pirate Bay -- both in their own right and in a representative capacity on behalf of other members of BPI (British Recorded Music Industry) Ltd and Phonographic Performance Ltd. The defendants were the six major retail internet service providers. Following the earlier judgment, the claimants subsequently agreed the terms of the orders with five of the six defendants for the purpose of blocking or impeding access to The Pirate Bay.

For the court to have jurisdiction to make the orders sought by the claimants, three matters had to be established: (i) the defendants had to be 'service providers' within the meaning of the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988, s.97A; (ii) users and/or operators of The Pirate Bay must have used the defendants' services in order to infringe copyright, and (iii) the defendants must have had actual knowledge of the use for infringing purposes. As to (iii), the claimants contended that the defendants had acquired actual knowledge through evidence which was given by counsel during the proceedings on behalf of the BPI, through the contents of the claimants' evidence in support of their claim and in the findings of the first judgment itself.

In a very short (13 paragraph) judgment, and without the need to listen to submissions from the defendants -- who did not put in an appearance -- Arnold J granted the orders in the form sought by the claimants.  There was no doubt that the defendants were ISPs; there was evidence that The Pirate Bay's website was used for infringing purposes and that the defendants had knowledge of this.

Of particular interest, since the question of access to The Pirate Bay is a matter which, we learn, is likely to be coming before the European Court of Human Rights (see Eleonora's post here), is this:
" ... One of the arguments advanced by BT in 20C Fox v BT was that the order sought by the applicants in that case would be contrary to Article 10 of the European Convention on Human Rights. I did not accept that argument for the reasons I gave at [163]-[177]. In so holding, I distinguished the reasoning of Advocate General Villalón in his Opinion dated 14 April 2011 in Case C-70/10 Scarlet Extended SA v Société belge des auteurs compositeurs et éditeurs (SABAM). Since then, the Court of Justice of the European Union has delivered its judgment in that case on 24 November 2011 [2011] ECR I-0000 and its judgment in Case C-360/10 Société belge des auteurs compositeurs et éditeurs (SABAM) v Netlog NV on 16 February 2012 [2012] ECR I-0000. I have considered those judgments with care, but I do not believe they call into question any of my reasoning in 20C Fox v BT. In particular, I have considered whether it makes any difference if, instead of asking whether the order would be contrary to Article 10 ECHR, it is asked whether the order would be contrary to Article 11 of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union ("the Charter"), as suggested by those judgments. I do not believe that that would make any difference".

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